Adventure Travel FAQ

What to Expect

Expect a fulfilling travel experience. Expect to see great wilderness areas, stunning mountain ranges, wild rivers, endless cultural experiences. Expect prolific wildlife and birdlife.

Expect to see curious but smiling faces. Expect to be popular with the locals, to be stopped for an unexpected conversation.

Expect long travelling days. Expect early morning game walks and late afternoon game drives.

Expect to learn about daily rituals and traditions performed for thousands of years, to hear legends, to smell exotic spices in a local marked.

Expect the occasional mishap – a delay on the road or a broken water pipe in the campground due to an elephant stepping on it or a landslide that had happened the previous monsoon.Expect a myriad of colors in the sky on sunset. Expect the brightest stars in the radiant sky. 

Expect sounds of hippos grunting, lions, roaring, and elephants munching on Acacia trees, the sound of the waterfall and rivers as you fall to sleep at night. Expect to wake up to the singing of exotic birds. 

Expect the heat. Expect the cold and snow. 

Expect to  hear and see an avalanche whilst trekking in the beautiful rugged mountains, expect frantic city traffic and a potpourri of odors. Expect another new full day of overwhelming experiences.

Expect welcoming smiles. Expect not to be rushed or hassled whilst shopping and taking that Kodak moment.

Expect  things to be different from what they are at home as isn’t that why you came in the first place?

So why not come join us on one of our Adventure tours in Sydney?

General Adventure Travel Questions


The age varies between treks, our youngest has been 10 and eldest 70, however the average is 40 – 60. Each traveller has something wonderful to offer to the group so age is irrelevant.

We advise anyone over the age of 60 to have a full medical, this is not only a safe guard for yourself, but it will allow us to assess your level of fitness before undertaking a trek.

After you have paid your deposit we forward Comprehensive Trip Notes. It is our suggestion that you read them thoroughly and advise us of any questions you may have regarding your trip.

We would be happy for anyone to speak to our clients so that they can relate their experiences.

If you have booked your airfare through us, then of course a stopover can be arranged

Yes. you can spend any amount of extra days in your destination, but you need to advise us beforehand to allow us to organise a representative to transfer you to/from the airport.

If you would like to share, we can arrange a suitable person, of course we only place females together, also males together.

We can arrange a single supplement but of course at an extra charge.

Health on your adventure


Everyone knows that being sick is not the best way to start off a holiday. However with all that traveling to the airport, sitting in the unhealthy environment that is the airplane cabin, using pushcarts that thousands of other people have touched, it’s almost impossible not getting sick from flying. Airports are magnets for an array of bacteria and viruses, but there are certain guidelines that people should follow in order to stay as healthy as possible during their travels.

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Drink plenty of water

This is the cardinal rule for general health, regardless of whether you’re traveling or not, but not drinking enough water while you’re suffering in the low cabin humidity can lead to stomach problems, headaches, fatigue, cramps, and plenty of other issues. Instead of drinking a lot of water prior to or during the flight, Independent Traveler explains that sipping on water throughout the flight will protect you from long dry spells. Hot drinks also good beverages to have during the plane ride since they keep your mucous membranes working..

Have hand sanitizer on you at all times

Millions of travelers pass through airports on a daily basis, and in one day, a plane alone can service tens to hundreds of thousands of passengers per day. Airports and especially aircrafts make the perfect hosts for bacteria and germs, so it’s best to protect yourself with a bottle of hand sanitizer. Although you should you washing your hands as often as you can, hand sanitizers will provide you with more protection, as some studies have indicated that even sink water in airplanes can get contaminated.

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Consider valet parking

It’s a known fact that stress weakens our immune systems which make us more susceptible to illnesses, especially the common cold. Although much of the stress related to air travel stems from immigration and flying, the journey to the airport could cause just as much anxiety. If you have your own car, save yourself the inconvenience of finding other transport options, then have a valet attendant take care of parking. This saves you from driving up and down lots for a free slot. If you’re worried about the safety of your car, valet parking for airports such as Heathrow are very secure. According to Parking4Less, Heathrow’s valet parking lots are well lit with CCTV cameras.

My treks are graded as being “introductory”, “moderate” moderate plus” and challenging  the classification is determined by various degrees of difficulty, length of trek, altitude and number of hours of walking each day. For example a 10 day trek is classed as “moderate” and can be undertaken by anyone who has an  average level of fitness and is prepared to increase their fitness by doing daily regular exercise at least 3 months before their trek.

Fitness and mental ability is the key ingredients for trekking in the Himalayas. Most people have a good level of fitness for their age, and first time trekkers are usually concered that they won’t be able to keep up. It is not all about keeping up but, taking your own time and setting your own pace. You will soon discover after a couple of days with lots of ups and downs that you will become fitter with each step.. Having said all this it is imperative that you train before your trek, by under preparing, not only are you robbing yourself of an enjoyable experience, but letting down the team of people you will be trekking with.

An excellent training routine is to incorporate major muscles,  especially your legs, and your cardio vascular system. Make sure that you raise your heart level during your training session.  To do this you need to undertake some sand running, road running, stair climbing and plenty of hills. Bike riding is also an excellent alternative.

If you regularly exercise at least 3 or more times per week then you are probably fit enough to go trekking. I have graded my treks to help you decide on the best fitness program for you to undertake. Bushwalking is probably the best training but any form of exercise, particularly aerobic exercise, will get you in shape. I suggest the following training programme.

For a MODERATE TREK it is necessary to spend about one hour a day at least 3 – 4 times per week doing one or all of the following exercises – walking, aerobics, swimming, jogging or similar. Walking up stairs as often as you can is great training and longer walks up steep hills without stopping (of say an hour’s duration) will really get you in shape.

For a MODERATE PLUS AND CHALLENGING TREK are suitable for those who already have a good level of fitness and who have been either jogging or walking regularly every day for at least 1 year and wish to tackle a more strenuous programme.

So remember, START GRADUALLY TO BUILD UP YOUR FITNESS LEVEL, AS THIS WILL REDUCE THE RISK OF INJURY TO YOUR BODY. Flexibility plays a very IMPORTANT role in maintaining your daily routine so please remember to spend at least 10 minutes stretching at the end of each walk or jog. You will be sure to see me stretching those muscles at least twice a day whilst on the trek and I would love you all to join me.  REMEMBER WE WANT THIS TREK TO BE ENJOYABLE AND PAIN FREE.

Travel Medicine is not our area of expertise, but we believe it is very important to get the right advice and preparation to ensure you have a successful journey Many adventure destinations expose people to unfamiliar environments. These risks are easily managed provided you have up to date pre – departure health information and maybe even immunisations, and a travellers medical kit. We strongly recommend all our clients seek EXPERT advice about the best way to safeguard their health while away. These days there are specialised Travel Medicine Doctors that are familiar with the exact risks in the various countries, regions and itineraries etc and how to best manage those risks.

For example: …Did you know that new research has shown that the best way to deal with travellers diarrhoea is to take a special antibiotic. Which antibiotic depends on where in the world you are visiting. If your GP does not have a special interest in travel medicine you will get much more up to date advice from a doctor with more knowledge in that area. Also some destinations require Yellow Fever vaccination which is not given by GP’s. Ideally you should seek advice at least 6-8 weeks before departure, to allow adequate time for courses of vaccines, for vaccines to take effect, and for any side effects to subside, and to test any medications you may need before departure. Good organisation skills are essential to the modern women, and organising your health is no exception. Google is a great tool, but the best way to get good advice is to consult a travel medicine doctor in person not to trust lists off the internet.   Yellow Fever vaccine information – includes maps of where the disease occurs – www.yellowfever.com.au An excellent source for expert independent travel medicine providers around Australia, the Travel Medicine Alliance.

Altitude sickness is not generally a problem below 3000m. The secret to avoiding it is to walk at your own pace and take adequate rest days.  Sedatives and alcohol aggravate altitude headache. Most walking in Nepal is up and down and a lot of it is steps. Try and do a lot of pre-trip exercise on steps. My trekking schedules have been carefully designed to minimise the effects of altitude.

We ascend slowly and ensure an adequate number of rest days to enable safe acclimatisation. Myself and the guides, who are trained to recognise early symptoms of acute altitude sickness, keep a close watch on each member of the group. These symptoms include bad headache, nausea, lethargy and, in extreme cases, ataxia or loss of co-ordination and severe breathlessness on rest.  A mild headache and breathlessness are not uncommon at altitude but in combination with any of the above more serious symptoms, immediate descent is imperative. If you or your friends display any of these symptoms please make sure that you inform the Group Leader immediately. It is essential that you keep your fluid intake up and it is important that you drink at least 4/5 litres of liquid per day at altitude.

Your Group Leader can advise you more thoroughly regarding altitude problems. If you wish to know more about acute mountain sickness a free pamphlet is available from the KEEP (Kathmandu Environmental Education Project) office and also the Himalayan Rescue Association in Kathmandu. Whilst in Kathmandu we will visit the office of KEEP and, if time permits, a slide show will be shown for your information.  Lyn  Taylor’s Adventure Travel is a life member of this very worthwhile project and Lyn works closely with KEEP in its endeavors to minimise any negative impact on the environment and the Nepalese culture as a result of tourism. The office is full of interesting information on Nepal and tales from other trekkers as well as constructive tips on “eco friendly trekking”.

ON ALL OUR HIGH ALTITUDE TREKS WE CARRY A PAC (PORTABLE ALTITUDE CHAMBER)

Notes by Dr. J. M. Duff

When we ascend above 2500 meters our bodies have to acclimatise to the decreasing amount of oxygen available. Most people ascending above this altitude will experience some or all of the following list of symptoms for a few days until they acclimatise.

  • headache
  • tiredness
  • disturbed sleep
  • loss of appetite/nausea
  • shortness of breath, cough
  • palpitations
  • swelling of fingers or face

In order to prevent serious AMS developing and to keep acclimatisation symptoms to a minimum, follow these directions :

  • keep to an ascent rate of 300 meters per day of less at altitudes above 4000 meters
  • avoid alcohol
  • avoid strenuous exercise while acclimatising
  • do not ascend while experiencing any of the above symptoms whenever possible
  • Diamox (acetozolamide) may be useful and/or appropriate in some cases (125mg morning and night). Diamox will not mask the symptoms of severe AMS

Note: anti-malaria pills may cause nausea, vomiting or other symptoms at high altitude. It may be necessary to stop this medication. The risks of catching malaria in Chitwan are very low. Anti-malarial medication may be started 48 hours before entering the malarial zone. If you have come from a high risk malarial area it is best to continue this medication. In case of doubt, always consult your trek leader

Treatment of mild AMS

  • rest at same altitude until symptoms subside
  • Diamox (125 mg morning and night, to be continued for remaining time at altitude)
  • Paracetamol, for headache (this is the safest pain killer at altitude)
  • avoid alcohol
  • examine the person carefully and at regular intervals, asking after and looking for evidence of worsening AMS
  • tent companions should use the “buddy system” to keep an eye on each other

Severe AMS

Mild AMS can become severe AMS if the symptoms and warning signs are ignored and the ascent is continued. All of the above symptoms described in mild AMS, may appear in severe AMS. Two indications that serious AMS is developing are:

  • resting pulse over 110 beats per minute (check morning and night)
  • a decrease in urine output after ascent (keep your urine pale and plentiful)

Other specific symptoms are described below.

HACE (High Altitude Cerebral Edema)

This is the accumulation of water in or around the brain. Symptoms may include:

  • severe headache, often worse when lying down, not relieved by mild analgesics
  • nausea or vomiting which may be severe and persistent
  • dizziness, loss of coordination, staggering, falling, inability to do the “heel-to-toe walking”, inability to tie shoe laces, etc
  • blurred or double vision, seeing haloes around objects
  • loss of mental abilities (eg: memory, arithmetic)
  • confusion, hallucinations
  • change of behavior (eg: aggression, apathy)
  • drowsiness, difficult to rouse, coma

Note: any one of these symptoms is proof of HACE

HAPE (High Altitude Pulmonary Edema)

This is the accumulation of water in the lungs. Symptoms may include:

  • cough with or without frothy sputum which may be blood-stained (“rusty” colour)
  • severe breathlessness on exertion breathlessness at rest (normal respiration rate is 12/14 breaths per minute at rest at sea level, slightly faster at altitude)
  • severe fatigue
  • drowsiness, difficult to rouse, coma
  • blueness or darkness in face, lips or tongue
  • “wet” sounds in the lungs on deep inspiration: place your ear on the bare skin on the patient’s back below the shoulder blades. compare with a healthy person.

Note: any one of these symptoms is proof of HAPE

Treatment of Severe AMS

  • descend immediately
  • descend as low as possible (at least 500/1500 feet)
  • if descent is not possible, the use of a pressure bag will help alleviate
  • the symptoms, at least temporarily, until the victim can descend. A pressure bag is not a substitute for going down, which is always the preferred treatment, but it will simulate a descent of approximately 2000m. (6000ft)
  • If the symptoms are severe or worsening, the victim must descend after treatment.
  • if the victim is turning blue or lapsing into a coma, give them EAR (mouth to mouth resuscitation) before placing in the bag. Do not wait for them to stop breathing before doing this
  • Some drugs, such as Nefidipine (20 mg at once, followed by 10 mg 6-hourly) for HAPE and Dexamethasone (8 mg at once, followed by 4 mg 6-hourly) for HACE, may help with symptoms of severe AMS. However these drugs will not cure the condition. The only treatment of severe AMS is to descend.