Nepal with an area of 1,47,181 square kilometers is an independent kingdom located on the Mid-Himalayan mountain section of Asia. It is a small landlocked country situated at a distance of about 500 km. from the nearest sea. It extends from 26deg 22’ N. to 30deg 27’N. And from 80deg 4’ E to 88 deg 12E. On an average, it stretches for 885km. In an east-west direction and for 193km. In a north south one. Being sandwiched between China on the north and India on the South, Nepal is said to be a Buffer State. It is now declared to be a Peace Zone and this concept has now been recognized by more than 90 nations of the world.